National Zoological Gardens
Brief Description: The National Zoological gardens, or the Pretoria Zoo, is regarded as one of the best zoos in the world and is visited by about one million people annually. It covers an area of about 60 ha and has breeding centres in rural areas of the Northern and North West provinces. It is the only African member of the American Zoo Association and the International Union of Directors of Zoological gardens and Aquariums.
The neighbouring Aquarium and Reptile park is the largest inland aquarium in Africa. It has the continent's largest collection of fresh water fish and it is also the only aquarium in South Africa to keep a large variety of marine fish in artificial sea water. Its specially prized exhibits are the King Penguins and rare African dwarf crocodiles. In all, it has about 4 500 specimens of 285 fish species and about 300 specimens of 72 reptile species.
The Johannesburg Zoological Gardens has close to 1 900 specimens representing about 300 species. The animals live in open air enclosures, separated from visitors by dry or water filled moats. The gorilla complex is especially well regarded and the zoo includes a pachyderm section as well as one for large carnivores.
The Transvaal Snakepark is at Midrand between Pretoria and Johannesburg, and it houses up to 150 species of snake, reptile and amphibians.
The Haartebeespoort Dam Snake and Animal Park, in a pretty setting outside Pretoria, has a fine reptile collection.