1: Tap water in the towns in the Vaal is completely safe to drink. It is supplied by Rand Water which is ranked as one of the best water quality producers in the world. In rural areas, drinking water may be contaminated and sterilisation may be necessary.
2: Milk is pasteurised and dairy products are safe for consumption. Local meat, poultry, seafood, fruit and vegetables purchased in shopping stores are safe to eat.
3: There is no malaria risk in the Vaal area. Persons travelling to low altitude areas of the Northern Province (Limpopo), Mpumalanga (including the Kruger National Park) and north-eastern KwaZulu/Natal as far south as the Tugela River may be at risk. The risk is highest from October to May. Resistance to chloroquine has been reported. It is recommended that visitors to these areas take anti-malaria tablets before entering these areas (tablets are available from pharmacies without prescription). The recommended prophylaxis is chloroquine plus proguanil or chloroquine plus pyrimethamine. It is, however, advisable to contact your medical advisor before visiting these areas.
4: Medical facilities in and around the Vaal area are excellent. Health insurance is recommended. Doctors are listed under "Medical " in the telephone directory and hospitals under "H". All major hotels have contracts with physicians and dentists.