Even by the standards of those days the casualties were light. For the greater part of the war Boer tactics were based on the mobility of their mounted commandos. They avoided pitched battles in which they fared badly during the first nine months of hostilities.
However, the non-combatant casualties were disproportionately high. In the concentration camps 1,676 men and 4,177 women over the age of 16 years died of illness and disease. The greatest tragedy of the war was that 22,074 Boer children under the age of 16 years died of illness and disease in concentration camps; more than the total number of British soldiers who died in the conflict. With the return of peace, the British Government voted £3-million for the repatriation of the Boers and the restoration of their farmsteads, lands and livestock; and soon after peace was declared Leslie's wife, Jane, and the family arrived back in Vereeniging with the first batch of Uitlanders to return to the Transvaal.
the Treaty of Vereeniging was signed on May 31, 1902.
Immediately negotiations had ended a company of the New Zealand Regiment rode out to Engelbrecht's Drift to convey the news to a Boer commando in the area; but before their purpose was revealed one of their number was shot dead. He was buried in Vereeniging with full military honours.
New Zealanders had been stationed in Vereeniging for some time and it was to Vereeniging that their Prime Minister Dick Seddon journeyed to address them. Leslie was present and he reported: "Among the New Zealanders were a number of Maoris who could not be distinguished either by their speech or manner from the Europeans."
The war was over: the two Republics vanquished. Throughout the conflict the Boers had drawn on a list of 85,000 men available for military service, of which no more than 40,000 were in the field at one time. But to subjugate the two Republics, the British Empire was obliged to commit a total force of 350,000 troops. When the casualties were counted 3,990 Boers had been killed in the field and 924 had died on the veld through illness. Accidents accounted for another 157 Boer lives. 1,118 burghers died from wounds and disease as prisoners-of-war. The total number of Republican wounded was not recorded. During the 31 months of the war, 5,775 British soldiers were killed in action and 16,168 died from wounds, illness and accidents of whom 9,713 died in hospital. A total of 75,430 were repatriated to Britain during the conflict.